Chapada Diamantina, A country in the heart of Bahia.
Larger than many countries such as Belgium and the Netherlands, the Chapada Diamantina has a history, beautiful scenery, hiking trails, waterfalls and mountains.
The Chapada Diamantina region is one of the richest geological complex of South America. Originally inhabited by the Maracas Indians, the occupation of the region dates back to the golden age of operating mines, from 1710. In the first decade of the nineteenth century to the late twentieth century, Chapada lived by wealth and prestige of diamonds and gold.
Haven of natural beauty, the Chapada covers a wide diversity of fauna and flora. There are over 50 types of orchids, bromeliads and vines, as well as rare animal species. The Chapada Diamantina National Park, was created in the 80s of XX century, as a protective device, it is undoubtedly one of the national parks with the greatest diversity in relief and country landscapes, waterfalls in monumental canyons, the blue-green lakes. This paradise is the guardian of many natural resources, occupying about 152,000 hectares, one of the largest conservation parks in the country outside the Amazon region.
Diving in caves, walk trails between fascinating landscapes cut by beautiful valleys and hills is a program that should not be missed in Chapada. However cave diving requires some care, so factors such the level of water, the visibility and the oxygen system has to be in perfect order.
Most Popular Cities::
Lençois: Old diamond capital of Brazil and classified by the Institute of Historical and Artistic Heritage (IPHAN), this small town is the gateway to the Chapada Diamantina, with its hotel infrastructure, many choice of restaurants and regular flights from Salvador.
In recent years, Lençois became cosmopolitan , with people from all over the world. Its main attractions are: the mansions of the 19th century; history and legacy of mining culture; Serra do Sincorá and over 20 natural attractions easily accessible. The city has a diverse cultural program, with options ranging from traditional festivals like São João, the MPB shows, and the Lençois festival.
Getting to Lençois:
- By plane – Lençois is 412 km from Salvador, the flights depart from the airport Coronel Horácio de Matos, 20 km from Lençóis. Tel: (75) 3625-8100 / 8825. –
- By bus – Several companies in different regions of the country have buses to Salvador and from there to Lençóis who operates is Real Expresso (http://www.realexpresso.com.br/) which operates.
- By car / motorcycle / bicycle – With the BR-116 until the junction with the BR-242 (Bahia-Brasilia) or you take the BA-052 Ipirá to follow the BA-488 until Itaberaba and take the BR-242 where there is an entry for Lençois.
Andarai: Situated on the eastern slopes of the Serra Sincorá on the shores of Rio Baiano, Andaraí means “River of Bats” in the language of Cariris Indians, first inhabitants.
Igatu: Near Andarai, Igatu is a village where you can walk the ruins of the mining era and stone houses inhabited by the descendants of the pioneers of the region. Also known as a ghost town.
Vale do Capão: In the middle of the National Chapada Diamantina Park and surrounded by mountains, the Capão Valley protects landscapes breathtaking. It is essentially composed of large waterfalls, of Atlantic forest, mountains up to 1,500 meters, among other natural treasures. Esotericism, peace and magic are present day and night, led by young people still excited about the dreams of the 70s From the Capon Valley, it is also possible to access some famous places of the region, the Cachoeira da Fumaça as (Smoke Waterfall) and Morrão. The cultural attraction that draws the attention of tourists is the Jazz Festival of Capão with renowned artists concerts of Brazilian instrumental music.
Cachoeira da Fumaça: As one of the attractions of the Capão Valley and the biggest attraction of the Chapada Diamantina, it is considered the highest of Brazil and fifth in the world, with 370 meters cascade. By the fall height and strength of the winds the water evaporates. Hence the name Cachoeira da Fumaça (Smoke Waterfall). There are two different ways to visit the Cachoeira da Fumaça. Affectionately called “up smoke” and “low smoke”.
- Access Up Smoke: Leaving Capão, are about 7 km (2h and 30min) walk.
- Access for Low Smoke: from Lençois starting 25 km are usually covered in a 3 day walk, through mountains and rivers.
Buracão Waterfall: With a height of 85m, the waterfall is considered one of the finest in the region. The difference is in its canyon framed by rocks and paths along the river. Location: Ibicoara Municipality. Access on foot: 3 km trail.
Morro do Pai Inácio: Morro do Pai Inácio: With 1.120m of altitude, it is the icon of the region, from where you have a breathtaking view. The monitoring is carried out by the GAP (Grupo Ambientalista Palmeiras) .Location: Palmeiras Municipality – margin of BR-242. Access on foot: short track, but steep walk to the top. Average length: 25 minutes.
Lapa Doce Cave: a large cave that has many formations as stalactites and stalagmites. Do not miss the crossing of 850 meters. Location: Iraquara Municipality. Access on foot: 850 meters track.
Pratinha Cave: River cave and incredibly clear water where you can do various activities such as ziplining, kayaking and pedalo. Location: Iraquara Municipality. Access: by car.
Poço Azul: It is a cave with crystal clear water, where the blue water is the result of sunlight. It is allowed to swim and float. Location: Municipality of Nova Redenção.
Poço Encantado: The waters are so crystal clear that you cannot see where the water starts. The well is 60 meters deep and it is not allowed to swim. The best time to visit it are the months from April to September, due to the reflection of sunlight. Location: Itaetê Municipality. Access: by car to the attraction and a staircase.
Marimbus: Considered the semi arid Pantanal of Bahia, its calm waters creating a lush landscape filled with aquatic flowers. The visit by canoe or Kayaking is one of the most recommended for the family. There are two different options of visits: exiting of Andaraí and other Lençois. Access 1 – Andaraí. Access 2 – Lençois.
Ribeirão do Meio: In the hollow of the Ribeirão River, 3.5 km from Lençois therefore easily accessible for those who are in town. Large pit with a natural water slide, great for swimming. This circuit can also be combined with the Cascade do Sossego. Location: Lençóis Municipality. Access on foot: 3.5 km track.
Mucugezinho River and Poço do Diabo (Devil´s : 10. Rio Mucugezinho and Poço do Diabo: You can find both attractions on the same course. The Rio Mucugezinho form various wells, one of them is the Poço do Diabo (Devil Pit) by 20 meters deep, ideal for swimming and ziplining or recall. Location: Lençóis Municipality. Access on foot: on the margins of BR-242 there is a five-minute trail to the Mucugezinho river, and another 20 minutes trail to Poço do Diabo.
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